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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Scabies Among 5 to 14 Years Aged Children, in Boricha District, South Ethiopia

Author(s) : Marmara, Desta

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Issue Date : 2023-06-10T13:28:12Z
Abstract :
Introduction: - Scabies is one of the major public health problem globally and resource scarce countries in particular. The condition is worldwide distributed with an estimated incidence of 300 million cases per year. It mostly affects marginal age groups from the population typically children and old peoples in resource limited communities. Objectives: - To assess the prevalence and associated factors of scabies among 5-14 years age children in Borricha district, South Ethiopia. Methodology: A community based cross sectional study was conducted. Eight kebeles were selected randomly by using lottery method from total kebele in the district. Interviewer administered and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. The data quality was assured by daily supervising completeness and consistency. The data was entered to Epi Info version 7 and coded. It was transported to Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20 for cleaning and analysis. Frequencies and cross tabulations was used to summarize descriptive statistics of the data. Crude and adjusted odds ratios were used to measure association between variables. Bivariate analysis with a P-value <0.25 variables were candidates for the multivariate logistic regression. The goodness of fit was tested by Hosmer-Lemeshow Odds and Omnibus tests. Odds ratio with 95% CI and P-value <0.05 were computed to determine associated factors and significant level of the association. Result: - Out of total 590 children participated 98 (16.6%) scabies cases were identified. Educational status of mothers who had no formal education (AOR, 3.566[ 95%CI: 1.15- 11.013], P=0.027), age of children (AOR, 2.21[95%CI: 1.245, 3.924], P=0.007), second wealth quintile (AOR, 3.295[95%CI:1.269-8.558], P=0.014) and fourth wealth quintile (AOR, 2.952 [95%CI: 1.128, 7.726], P=0.027) sharing bed with others (AOR, 3.637[95%CI: 1.635-8.09], P=0.002), skin contact with people who had itching (AOR, 11.289[95%CI: 6.372-20.226] P=0.00) and Family member complaining of itching (AOR, 7.244 [95%CI: 3.248-16.159], P=0.00) were variables those significantly associated with scabies. Conclusion: - The prevalence of scabies is in between global scabies prevalence range. Home-Environment factors and poverty related variables are important risk factors for infestation. District health office and other stakeholders should collaborate to mobilize the community about mode of transmission and prevention methods of scabies.
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