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Vended Water Quality and Its Implications on Acute Diahrrheal Disease Among Residents of Bishan Guracha Town, Ethiopia

Author(s) : Lolo, Woyema

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Issue Date : 2023-06-10T13:41:40Z
Abstract :
Background: In many parts of the world particularly in developing countries quality of vended water is recognized as the critical public health concerns in many developing countries at pre- sent, allmost to a billion people living in the developing world do not have access to safe and adequate water supply Objective The main aim of this study is to assess the quality of vended water and its implications on Diahrrheal disease among residents of Bishan Guracha Town, Oromia regional state, Ethio- pia Methodology: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to the vended water quality and as- sess prevalence of acute Diahrrheal disease among residents of Bishan Guracha Town Data were collected using WHO sanitary survey checklist and rapid water testing kit to assess bacte- riological and physicochemical parameters of vended water source and questionnaire to assess determinants of acute diarrheal disease among Selected women or care giver using systematic random sampling from 303 households. Results: all of vended water sample of study area contaminated by as a minimum one or more TC or E.coli and majority vended water source such as HH (82 %) , HDW (98.3%) , According to WHO public health risk classification all stand pipe water (SPW), Hand dug well, sample re- sult on intermediate risk category and high risk ctegory According to our study all vended water source in the study area did not fulfill the WHO’s crite- ria for drinking water quality standards. Water schemes with high sanitary risk scores had high number of E. coli/100 ml of sample water. Majority (94.4%) of the respondents didn’t treat their water at household level, 65.7% of the respondents washed their water container during store new source of water and 75.2% had for all kinds of vended water use the same storage Respond- ents who can not attened formal education (illiterates) were more likely to develop acute diarria compared to mother with secondary or above education [AOR= 11.17, 95%CI (3.36, 37.21), re- spectively. Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that veded water sources used by the community in Bishan guracha town were subject to contamination and prevalence of diarrhea was silitly high. It is recommended that concerned bodies, such as NGO’s working in WASH projects, Bishan Gurcha Town Administration and Health Offices need to take appropriate action.
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